UXO Oversight Committee Blows Through $44M

Honolulu, Hawaii In 2004, the State of Hawaii took over management of Kaho'olawe Island from the U.S. Navy following a large scale UXO remediation effort which at the time, was the largest civilian UXO project. Along with the management, the Navy also provided approximately $44M in funds appropriated over several years for the long-term care and management of the Island.

Management responsibilities fell onto the Kaho'olawe Island Reserve Commission (KIRC), the organization that provided "oversight" for the state during the UXO clearance effort conducted by the Navy. The management efforts included tracking and recording UXO sightings for the Navy to remove on an as-needed basis.

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Incinerator Slowly Makes Its Way To Camp Minden

Camp Minden, Louisiana The Louisiana Department of Transportation (LADOT)has issued a warning to drivers about traffic delays expected during the delivery of the Controlled Burn Chamber (CBC), an incinerator which will be used to dispose of explosives at Camp Minden. The CBC, which began its journey to the site on Monday, February 8, is scheduled to arrive on Thursday, February 11.

The incinerator, which measures 182 X 27.5 X 26 feet is only expected to travel at a maximum speed of 15 mph. Traffic in the areas along the route will see major slowdowns and stoppages with high congestion during the chamber's movement. LADOTD asks drivers avoid the areas if possible during scheduled transport times. For details of the route and roads affected visit //www.google.com/maps/.

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Camper Finds Ordnance-Like Item

Knight's Key, Florida U.S. Navy EOD from Mayport, FL responded to reports of a suspect munition in the shallow waters near a City of Marathon campground. A man notified the Monroe County Sheriff's Office when he discovered what he described as "a torpedo-like device in the water".

Nearby Knight's Key campsites were evacuated for several hours while EOD investigated the object. EOD took possession of the unidentified device shown below for proper disposal.

unknown item

Historical Vignette The 43d Anniversary of the Roseville, CA, Ammunition Train Disaster

By UXO Guest Writer, LTC Danny M. Johnson, (USA Ret)

April 28, 2016 will be the 43d anniversary of the Southern Pacific, Roseville, CA rail yard blast, during which catastrophe struck when 18 of 21 rail cars loaded with 7,056, Mark 81, 250lb bombs destined for the Naval Weapons Station, Concord, CA for further naval shipment to Southeast Asia exploded in the then Southern Pacific Railyard.

The train arrived from the Naval Ammunition Depot at Hawthorne, Nevada at the Roseville Yard entrance at 0605 and was arranged in the westbound division yard by 0630. The train was too long for the yard, so the forward cars (which are the ones that exploded) were set on a track isolated from the remaining three cars, which were loaded with more than 1,000 bombs. These three cars were saved with just minor damage.

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What is A Small Business UXO Company ?

Editorial by UXOInfo.com

Washington, D.C. Traditionally, large UXO/MMRP related contracts such as the USACE's MAMMS, WERS, and MEGA related contracts as well as Navy and Air Force UXO /MMRP contracts have utilized the "Environmental Remediation Services" category under NAICS code 562910 to set the small business size standard. Under the Environmental Remediation Services category, the small business size standard is set at 500 employees. This means that as long as a company has less than 500 employees, they are considered a Small Business and hence, able to compete for small business set asides.

Effective February 26, 2016, the Small Business Administration (SBA) announced a change to the NAICS code small business size standards. The new size standard for Environmental Remediation Services category under 562910 is 750 employees (i.e., a 50% increase over the current size standard). Does this help or hinder the UXO industry? The answer likely varies from one side or another depending upon what company or employee you ask.

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Arsenic - Not Always the Smoking Gun for Chemical Munitions

MT Hawaii Chart

Article by Guest Author: Michael Tomlinson

While arsenic can be the smoking gun for discarded military chemical munitions and agents, it is not always the smoking gun. The waters off the State of Hawai'i, especially off the island of O'ahu, have served as disposal sites for dredge spoil as well as discarded military munitions (DMM), both conventional and chemical. In 1944 in the area designated HI-05, off the south shore of O'ahu, 16,000 World War II M47A2, 100-pound (45 kg) mustard bombs were discarded in waters deeper than 1,970 feet (600 m). As part of the Hawai'i Undersea Military Munitions Assessment (HUMMA) Program, the University of Hawai'i at Mnoa (UHM) Department of Oceanography undertook an ambitious sampling program that included collecting sediment samples with UHM's manned submersibles for analysis of select chemical agents (CA) and their degradates (e.g., sulfur mustard or HD, Lewisite, and their degradates), energetics (e.g., RDX, TNT and its degradates), as well as arsenic, copper, lead, and mercury. The analysis of any sediment that tested positive for CA was performed by the U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC). UHM Oceanographers used multivariate statistics, specifically, nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS), to look for patterns in the data.

The results of NMDS analysis (plot) indicate that arsenic (As) and lead (Pb) are associated with samples collected from control sites and DMM that tested negative for CA and not with the samples that tested positive for chemical agents such as HD and its degradates 1,4-dithiane (1,4-Dt); mercury (Hg) also clustered with the samples containing CA. Lewisite and its degradates were not detected in the sediments and yet arsenic was detected in sediments at concentrations ranging from <1.3 to 40 parts per million (ppm) with the highest concentrations occurring at the control sites and DMM sites where chemical agents were not detected but dredge spoil occurred.

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Welcome Guest Author Michael Tomlinson

Michael continues to work part time as a Staff Oceanographer for the University of Hawai'i at Mnoa (UHM) Department of Oceanography from his home in Flagstaff, Arizona. In addition to working with the Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS) and the Hawaii Undersea Military Munitions Assessment (HUMMA) Program, Michael also served as the Project Manager for the Ordnance Reef (HI-06) Follow-Up Investigation conducted on the leeward side of O'ahu, Hawai'i. The purpose of this latter study was to determine the environmental effects of the disposal of conventional military munitions discarded in relatively shallow (<100 m) water following World War II, and the subsequent removal of some of these munitions in 2012 as part of the US Army's Remotely Operated Underwater Munitions Recovery System (ROUMRS) Demonstration.

Prior to joining UHM, Michael worked as an oceanographer and limnologist for three environmental consulting firms, based first in Chicago, Illinois, and then in Gainesville, Florida. During his 22 years as a consultant, Michael worked on 97 projects including the Ekofisk BRAVO Blowout (oil spill) in the North Sea, the effects of crude oil and dispersed crude oil on Arabian corals, an environmental assessment for a submarine fiber optic transmission system on Kwajalein Atoll, a study of the environmental effects of the Endicott Causeway in the Arctic Ocean, a physical oceanographic characterization of the North Aleutian Shelf, and the Southwest Florida Shelf Benthic Ecosystems Study.

Michael's detailed profile can be found on LinkedInĀ® at: www.linkedin.com/in/tomlinsonmichael; an abbreviated profile as well as some of Michael's publications and presentations can be found on ResearchGateĀ® at: researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Tomlinson5.

He can be reached via email at mtomlins@hawaii.edu or michael.s.tomlinson@gmail.com or via cellphone voice or text at 928-266-2236.

Lot at NC Marine Air Station Closed

New Bern, North Carolina The Pass and ID parking lot at the main gate of Cherry Point Marine Air Station's was cleared for about an hour while EOD technicians dealt with a potentially explosive "grenade-like" device brought there by a civilian.

The person brought the ordnance item to the air station to be examined by military personnel. EOD determined that the grenade was inert, and the lot was reopened. Base officials remind everyone to leave suspect devices encountered in place and contact law enforcement for further investigation.

Steel Rain

Article by Guest Author: Jack Imber
Author of the book DEMINER available from Amazon

If life were meant to be easy we could all spend each day swinging in hammocks while occasionally looking for the bottom of a cooler. In reality, quite often we regularly encounter obstacles or problems which test our strengths and challenge our life's purpose.

Perhaps you came into the UXO clean-up industry just looking for an interesting and reasonably paying job. Maybe it seemed to be a logical transition for you from a military life to the civilian world. Regardless of your initial motivation there may have been one particular moment that gave a special meaning to your days of laboring out in the field.

There it was right in front of you---a cluster bomb. You recognize the small ball shape of a BLU-26. You remember it from a project you did at the Kansas Army Ammunition Plant in Parsons, Kansas several years earlier. The vision of how large a blast was created from even a single BLU-26 demolition comes back to your mind. You think of the impact fuze in the center of it and how several small steel shrapnel balls are embedded into the outer aluminum casting. There is no doubt what it is with its' signature fins designed to make it rotate in flight to arm it. This cluster bomb was nearly a thousand miles from where it was manufactured; live and ready to kill. The entire team would soon be notified because cluster bombs are almost never found alone.

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Desk Study Vital to Identifying UXO Risks

Article by Guest Author Maarten Bosma.

It has been a while since I wrote for UXOInfo.com and through this article, I hope to show the connection between a desk study we performed and the following field survey. For a project in The Netherlands, our client requested a desk study to get information about the possible risks of UXO in the project area. The size of the area is approximately 160 acres, and the client wanted to identify locations in the project area where there is a high risk for UXO.

During the desk study we used several sources like the aerial photography and ordnance maps from WWII as well as records from the National Archives in London and Washington. In the information available in the Archives, we found that the presence of these bombs in the project area was the result of a possible emergency jettison.

When we used the additional information we gained from the aerial photography and ordnance maps, we could pinpoint in which area the possible jettison happened. Later we added this information to our inventory maps.

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